Real Estate Crowdfunding: The Future of Real Estate Financing is Here {Guest Post}

In the past few years, crowdfunding has become one of the most effective and popular ways for companies and individuals to raise capital over the Internet.  In fact, since Congress passed Title II of the JOBS Act in September 2013, one of the industries that’s benefited the most from crowdfunding has been the real estate industry.  These provisions, which allowed for debt and equity crowdfunding to become a legal and viable option, have spawned a new method for real estate investors and sponsors to raise capital for their projects, without having to rely on their local banks and hard money lenders for financing.

The genius of the real estate crowdfunding model is in its simplicity.  Typically, in a real estate crowdfunding scenario, a developer of a property brings a deal to the table by submitting the details of their project to a platform.  The project is then vetted by the platform to make sure the investment is a sound and lucrative venture.  After the platform has conducted their due diligence they will then host the project on their site, giving investors the opportunity to contribute funds towards that particular loan.  As the project moves towards completion, the Borrower pays down their loan with interest while the contributors receive dividend distributions as a return on their principal investment.  The exit strategy for the Borrower depends on what type of project they’re working on.  Regardless, the peer to peer lending process is fairly simple for all parties involved and everyone is able to benefit from the experience if all goes as planned.

Ultimately, Patch of Land’s real estate crowdfunding platform bridges the gap between traditional and hard money lenders by combining the best elements from each.  This concept provides a fast and reliable solution for real estate investors looking to borrow funds and raise capital for their projects in an easy and repeatable way.  Here are just some of the benefits of getting a peer to peer loan through Patch of Land:

  • Access to Capital – Our large network (or “crowd”) of accredited investors provides you with a source of capital that never runs dry.
  • Speed to Close – Our tech-enabled platform helps us work with a sense of urgency to approve and fund your loan in as little as 7 days.
  • Prefunded Loans – After we’ve approved your loan, we will fund you at closing first, then offer your deal to the “crowd” second. This is opposed to traditional real estate crowdfunding platforms that make you wait until the “crowd” fully funds your loan before moving forward with your financing.
  • Nationwide Reach – We operate in every state throughout the nation with exception to a select few.
  • Brand Your Business – The projects hosted on our industry-leading platform are listed on CNBC’s Crowdfinance 50 Real Estate Average which means investors throughout the world will take notice and recognize your business.
  • Easy to Repeat – Once we’ve worked with you in the past we’re able to close your loans even faster in the future.

pol - logo - 2014-02-27 TAGLINE REV VERT HIGH RES

For more information on how you can use real estate crowdfunding to finance your next project, visit Patch of Land.  Our Lending Parameters, FREE Borrower Handbook, and Application Center will provide you with the educational resources you need to get started on financing your next short-term residential or commercial real estate loan today.

 

Guest Post by:
Marco Rivera with Patch of Land
marco@patchofland.com

The Top 5 Key Benefits of Purchasing and Owning Investment Real Estate

So… You may ask yourself, why should you buy or invest in real estate in the First Place? Because it’s the IDEAL investment! Let’s take a moment to address the reasons why people should have investment real estate in the first place. The easiest answer is a well-known acronym that addresses the key benefits for all investment real estate. Put simply, Investment Real Estate is an IDEAL investment. The IDEAL stands for:

    • I – Income
    • D – Depreciation
    • E – Expenses
    • A – Appreciation
    • L – Leverage

Real estate is the IDEAL investment compared to all others. I’ll explain each benefit in depth.

The “I” in IDEAL stands for Income. (a.k.a. positive cash flow) Does it even generate income? Your investment property should be generating income from rents received each month. Of course, there will be months where you may experience a vacancy, but for the most part your investment will be producing an income. Be careful because many times beginning investors exaggerate their assumptions and don’t take into account all potential costs. The investor should know going into the purchase that the property will COST money each month (otherwise known as negative cash flow). This scenario, although not ideal, may be OK, only in specific instances that we will discuss later. It boils down to the risk tolerance and ability for the owner to fund and pay for a negative producing asset. In the boom years of real estate, prices were sky high and the rents didn’t increase proportionately with many residential real estate investment properties. Many naïve investors purchased properties with the assumption that the appreciation in prices would more than compensate for the fact that the high balance mortgage would be a significant negative impact on the funds each month. Be aware of this and do your best to forecast a positive cash flow scenario, so that you can actually realize the INCOME part of the IDEAL equation.

Often times, it may require a higher down payment (therefore lesser amount being mortgaged) so that your cash flow is acceptable each month. Ideally, you eventually pay off the mortgage so there is no question that cash flow will be coming in each month, and substantially so. This ought to be a vital component to one’s retirement plan. Do this a few times and you won’t have to worry about money later on down the road, which is the main goal as well as the reward for taking the risk in purchasing investment property in the first place.

The “D” in IDEAL Stands for Depreciation. With investment real estate, you are able to utilize its depreciation for your own tax benefit. What is depreciation anyway? It’s a non-cost accounting method to take into account the overall financial burden incurred through real estate investment. Look at this another way, when you buy a brand new car, the minute you drive off the lot, that car has depreciated in value. When it comes to your investment real estate property, the IRS allows you to deduct this amount yearly against your taxes. Please note: I am not a tax professional, so this is not meant to be a lesson in taxation policy or to be construed as tax advice.

With that said, the depreciation of a real estate investment property is determined by the overall value of the structure of the property and the length of time (recovery period based on the property type-either residential or commercial). If you have ever gotten a property tax bill, they usually break your property’s assessed value into two categories: one for the value of the land, and the other for the value of the structure. Both of these values added up equals your total “basis” for property taxation. When it comes to depreciation, you can deduct against your taxes on the original base value of the structure only; the IRS doesn’t allow you to depreciate land value (because land is typically only APPRECIATING). Just like your new car driving off the lot, it’s the structure on the property that is getting less and less valuable every year as its effective age gets older and older. And you can use this to your tax advantage.

The best example of the benefit regarding this concept is through depreciation, you can actually turn a property that creates a positive cash flow into one that shows a loss (on paper) when dealing with taxes and the IRS. And by doing so, that (paper) loss is deductible against your income for tax purposes. Therefore, it’s a great benefit for people that are specifically looking for a “tax-shelter” of sorts for their real estate investments.

For example, and without getting too technical, assume that you are able to depreciate $15,000 a year from a $500,000 residential investment property that you own. Let’s say that you are cash-flowing $1,000 a month (meaning that after all expenses, you are net-positive $1000 each month), so you have $12,000 total annual income for the year from this property’s rental income. Although you took in $12,000, you can show through your accountancy with the depreciation of the investment real estate that you actually lost $3,000 on paper, which is used against any income taxes that you may owe. From the standpoint of IRS, this property realized a loss of $3,000 after the “expense” of the $15,000 depreciation amount was taken into account. Not only are there no taxes due on that rental income, you can utilize the paper loss of $3,000 against your other regular taxable income from your day-job. Investment property at higher price points will have proportionally higher tax-shelter qualities. Investors use this to their benefit in being able to deduct as much against their taxable amount owed each year through the benefit of depreciation with their underlying real estate investment.

Although this is a vastly important benefit to owning investment real estate, the subject is not well understood. Because depreciation is a somewhat complicated tax subject, the above explanation was meant to be cursory in nature. When it comes to issues involving taxes and depreciation, make sure you have a tax professional that can advise you appropriately so you know where you stand.

The “E” in IDEAL is for Expenses – Generally, all expenses incurred relating to the property are deductible when it comes to your investment property. The cost for utilities, the cost for insurance, the mortgage, and the interest and property taxes you pay. If you use a property manager or if you’re repairing or improving the property itself, all of this is deductible. Real estate investment comes with a lot of expenses, duties, and responsibilities to ensure the investment property itself performs to its highest capability. Because of this, contemporary tax law generally allows that all of these related expenses are deductible to the benefit of the investment real estate landowner. If you were to ever take a loss, or purposefully took a loss on a business investment or investment property, that loss (expense) can carry over for multiple years against your income taxes. For some people, this is an aggressive and technical strategy. Yet it’s another potential benefit of investment real estate.

The “A” in IDEAL is for Appreciation – Appreciation means the growth of value of the underlying investment. It’s one of the main reasons that we invest in the first place, and it’s a powerful way to grow your net worth. Many homes in the city of San Francisco are several million dollars in today’s market, but back in the 1960s, the same property was worth about the cost of the car you are currently driving (probably even less!). Throughout the years, the area became more popular and the demand that ensued caused the real estate prices in the city to grow exponentially compared to where they were a few decades ago. People that were lucky enough to recognize this, or who were just in the right place at the right time and continued to live in their home have realized an investment return in the 1000’s of percent. Now that’s what appreciation is all about. What other investment can make you this kind of return without drastically increased risk? The best part about investment real estate is that someone is paying you to live in your property, paying off your mortgage, and creating an income (positive cash flow) to you each month along the way throughout your course of ownership.

The “L” in IDEAL stands for Leverage – A lot of people refer to this as “OPM” (other people’s money). This is when you are using a small amount of your money to control a much more expensive asset. You are essentially leveraging your down payment and gaining control of an asset that you would normally not be able to purchase without the loan itself. Leverage is much more acceptable in the real estate world and inherently less risky than leverage in the stock world (where this is done through means of options or buying “on Margin”). Leverage is common in real estate. Otherwise, people would only buy property when they had 100% of the cash to do so. Over a third of all purchase transactions are all-cash transactions as our recovery continues. Still, about 2/3 of all purchases are done with some level of financing, so the majority of buyers in the market enjoy the power that leverage can offer when it comes to investment real estate.

For example, if a real estate investor was to buy a house that costs $100,000 with 10% down payment, they are leveraging the remaining 90% through the use of the associated mortgage. Let’s say the local market improves by 20% over the next year, and therefore the actual property is now worth $120,000. When it comes to leverage, from the standpoint of this property, its value increased by 20%. But compared to the investor’s actual down payment (the “skin in the game”) of $10,000- this increase in property value of 20% really means the investor doubled their return on the investment actually made-also known as the “cash on cash” return. In this case, that is 200%-because the $10,000 is now responsible and entitled to a $20,000 increase in overall value and the overall potential profit.

Although leverage is considered a benefit, like everything else, there can always be too much of a good thing. In 2007, when the real estate market took a turn for the worst, many investors were over-leveraged and fared the worst. They could not weather the storm of a correcting economy. Exercising caution with every investment made will help to ensure that you can purchase, retain, pay-off debt, and grow your wealth from the investment decisions made as opposed to being at the mercy and whim of the overall market fluctuations. Surely there will be future booms and busts as the past would dictate as we continue to move forward. More planning and preparing while building net worth will help prevent getting bruised and battered by the side effects of whatever market we find ourselves in.

Many people think that investment real estate is only about cash flow and appreciation, but it’s so much more than that. As mentioned above, you can realize several benefits through each real estate investment property you purchase. The challenge is to maximize the benefits through every investment.

Furthermore, the IDEAL acronym is not just a reminder of the benefits of investment real estate; it’s also here to serve as a guide for every investment property you will consider purchasing in the future. Any property you purchase should conform to all of the letters that represent the IDEAL acronym. The underlying property should have a good reason for not fitting all the guidelines. And in almost every case, if there is an investment you are considering that doesn’t hit all the guidelines, by most accounts you should probably PASS on it!

Take for example a story of my own, regarding a property that I purchased early on in my real estate career. To this day, it’s the biggest investment mistake that I’ve made, and it’s precisely because I didn’t follow the IDEAL guidelines that you are reading and learning about now. I was naïve and my experience was not yet fully developed. The property I purchased was a vacant lot in a gated community development. The property already had an HOA (a monthly maintenance fee) because of the nice amenity facilities that were built for it, and in anticipation of would-be-built homes. There were high expectations for the future appreciation potential-but then the market turned for the worse as we headed into the great recession that lasted from 2007-2012. Can you see what parts of the IDEAL guidelines I missed on completely?

Let’s start with “I”. The vacant lot made no income! Sometimes this can be acceptable, if the deal is something that cannot be missed. But for the most part this deal was nothing special. In all honesty, I’ve considered selling the trees that are currently on the vacant lot to the local wood mill for some actual income, or putting up a camping spot ad on the local Craigslist; but unfortunately the lumber isn’t worth enough and there are better spots to camp! My expectations and desire for price appreciation blocked the rational and logical questions that needed to be asked. So, when it came to the income aspect of the IDEAL guidelines for a real estate investment, I paid no attention to it. And I paid the price for my hubris. Furthermore, this investment failed to realize the benefit of depreciation as you cannot depreciate land! So, we are zero for two so far, with the IDEAL guideline to real estate investing. All I can do is hope the land appreciates to a point where it can be sold one day. Let’s call it an expensive learning lesson. You too will have these “learning lessons”; just try to have as few of them as possible and you will be better off.

When it comes to making the most of your real estate investments, ALWAYS keep the IDEAL guideline in mind to make certain you are making a good decision and a solid investment.

 

 

MichaelBook2014SmallcolorGuest Blogger:
Michael Wolf, GRI & Author

858-722-6847

www.mikeandjessica.net

How to Make Smart Decisions in HOT Markets

There’s no doubt that in certain areas of the country the Market is HOT again. It’s all too easy to get caught up in the HYPE and overlook the true value and the real numbers that make the Property a good overall investment. THAT is where Revestor comes in.

Finding the Right Investment

  • Don’t get caught up in the HYPE like everyone did in 2005
  • Don’t make the same mistakes that everyone did back then
  • Never invest based on potential Appreciation alone
  • ONLY invest if you can add VALUE through repairs/rehab OR if the Property Cash Flows.

Before you acquire your next Property run the numbers through Revestor so you can make a better decision for you and your family’s future.

Real Estate as a Tool to Finance College

The Charfen Institute just came out with an article in their CIAS newsletter titled: “More Parents Using Real Estate to Finance Kids’ College.

The article discusses the strategy of purchasing a cash flow property with a 15 year mortgage and selling the home by the time your child reaches college.

A poll conducted by the College Savings Foundation revealed the following key stats:

  • 40 percent of parents are not very confident that they can reach their college savings goals
  • 34 percent of parents say they know how much they need to save to fund their child’s college education, up from 27 percent last year
  • 48 percent of parents are looking to education loans to pay for college, most of which will be signed over to their children
  • 29 percent of parents expect financial aid to cover up to a third of college costs, down from 35 percent last year
  • 38 percent of parents expect no financial aid at all, up from 28 percent last year
If you are a real estate professional it is time to discuss this strategy with parents who have children who are 3 years or younger (there are many lead generation tools out there that can help you find this demographic). If you are a parent with kids that are toddlers it is time to find a property to invest in for your children’s education and future. Failing to plan is planning to fail.